Frequently Asked Questions
How is the Regular Flu Different from COVID-19?
*William J. Bommer, MD, FACP, FACC,
YourVaccinationGuide.org Chief Medical Advisor
Can You Get the Vaccine Now?
Yes, in the United States, vaccination is available to everyone 12 and older. Check with your doctor, your health plan or use Vaccines.gov to find out where you can be vaccinated now.
Where Do You Get the Vaccine?
Will the Vaccines Protect You from the New Strains of COVID-19?
The vaccines will protect from a range of variants, including the Delta variant. If effectiveness at some point becomes too low, it will be possible to adjust the vaccine to protect against the variants. Therefore, changes or mutations in the virus should not make vaccines completely ineffective (WHO).
How Many COVID-19 Mutations (Variants) are There?
This is an issue that will change over time. According to the CDC, there are a number of variants currently in the United States.
B.1.1.7: First identified in the U.S. in December 2020. Initially detected in the UK in December 2020.
B.1.351: First identified in the U.S. at the end of January 2021. Initially detected in South Africa in December 2020.
P.1: First detected in the U.S. in January 2021. Initially identified in travelers from Brazil, who were tested during routine screening at an airport in Japan, in early January 2021.
B.1.427 and B.1.429: First identified in California in February 2021 and were classified as variants of COVID-19 in March 2021.
B.1.617.2 (Delta variant): First detected in India in February 2021 but has since surfaced in more than 70 countries, including the United States (Healthline).
You can visit the CDC Variant Tracker to learn more about the variants in the United States.
These variants are being monitored by the CDC. To date, the vaccines continue to be effective against them.
What Happens When You Get Vaccinated?
The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines require two shots. You will receive a vaccination card that tells you when you are due for your second shot. Be sure to make your appointment.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is one dose. Continue to wear a face mask, socially distance, and follow all safety protocols as your state and the CDC instruct (CDC).
If You Have Already Had COVID-19 and Recovered, Do You Still Need to Get Vaccinated?
Do You Get One Shot or Two?
WILL YOU BE IMMUNE AFTER BEING VACCINATED?
DO YOU NEED TO WEAR A MASK AND SOCIAL DISTANCE AFTER GETTING VACCINATED?
HOW DO YOU TALK TO LOVED ONES WHO ARE VACCINATION HESITANT?
- Listen, be respectful and ask polite questions to help you understand their concerns.
2. Do not tell them they are wrong, suggest there may be new or additional information to consider.
- There are many credible healthcare sources available through the CDC, YourVaccinationGuide.org or your local healthcare professional. It’s best to find the one that they trust they most.
- Share other upsides that may be important to them such as, being able to hug a grandchild, being able to hold a celebration, the ability to return to work and school, etc.
- Emphasize that:
The vaccines are safe and free.
Their chance of dying from or being hospitalized with COVID-19 drops significantly with the vaccine.
They are protecting themselves and the people around them.
As more people are vaccinated, schools and businesses can continue to safely reopen and stay opened.
Fully vaccinated people can stop wearing masks as often. Additional suggestions from the CDC are available.
Why Were the Vaccines Available So Quickly?
Can People with Chronic Health Conditions Get the COVID-19 Vaccine?
WERE THE COVID-19 VACCINES TESTED ON PEOPLE WITH CHRONIC CONDITIONS?
Can Children Get Vaccinated for COVID-19?
WHAT IS MULTISYSTEM INFLAMMATORY SYNDROME IN CHILDREN (MIS-C)?
CDC is investigating multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, a rare but serious complication associated with COVID-19 (CDC).
Should you be concerned about side effects of the mRNA vaccine causing heart issues (Myocarditis) in your children?
In rare instances, cases of inflammation of the heart—called myocarditis and pericarditis–have been reported after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination, appearing primarily in adolescents and young adults. The CDC is still investigating these reports. Most cases have been reported:
• in male adolescents and young adults age 16 years or older
• after getting the second dose of one of the two mRNA COVID-19 vaccines
• within several days after COVID-19 vaccination, typically.
Symptoms of myocarditis and pericarditis:
- chest pain
- shortness of breath
- feelings of having a fast-beating, fluttering, or pounding heart.
Seek medical care if you or your child are experience any of these symptoms. Symptoms may appear within a week after having the COVID-19 vaccination (CDC). Patients can usually return to their normal daily activities after their symptoms improve. They should speak with their doctor about returning to exercise or sports. The CDC continues to recommend COVID-19 vaccination for everyone 12 years of age and older, given the risk of COVID-19 illness and related, possibly severe complications (CDC).
Is there Any Truth to the Rumor that there are Trackers in the Vaccinations (Shots)?
Are the Vaccines Made from Chicken Eggs?
How Do You Know if You Have Antibodies and What Does it Mean?
A serology (antibody) test determines if you have those antibodies. You can get a test in your area, or if you are a blood donor, the American Red Cross is testing all donor blood for COVID-19 antibodies. Those who have recovered from COVID-19 may be able to give convalescent plasma to help someone else who is infected. Visit the American Red Cross website to learn more about the process.
Can You Get COVID-19 More than Once?
What does the term "Long Haulers" mean?
How Accurate is the Testing for COVID-19?
Diagnostic tests can show if you have an infection now. There are two types of diagnostic tests: a molecular test, which detects the virus’s genetic material, and an antigen test, which detects specific proteins from the virus.
There is only one type of antibody test, which looks for antibodies made by your body’s immune system in response to a specific virus. Antibodies can help fight infections. They can take several days or weeks to develop after you have an infection and may stay in your blood for several weeks or more after recovery. Antibody tests don’t tell if you have COVID-19 now, unlike a diagnostic test would, just if you had it at one time. More information can be found on the FDA website.
Can You Get One Pfizer and One Moderna Vaccine?
What is Herd Immunity?
What percentage of a community needs to be immune in order to achieve herd immunity? It varies from disease to disease. The more contagious a disease is, the greater the proportion of the population that needs to be immune to the disease to stop its spread. For example, the measles is a highly contagious illness. It’s estimated that 94% of the population must be immune to interrupt the chain of transmission” (Mayo Clinic).
If You Have Allergies, Should You Get the Vaccine?
If you aren’t able to get one type of COVID-19 vaccine because you are allergic to an ingredient in that vaccine, ask your doctor if you should get a different type of COVID-19 vaccine. Learn about the different types of COVID-19 vaccines. Learn more about COVID-19 vaccines for people with allergies.
Can the Vaccine Cause People to Develop COVID-19?
No, the COVID-19 vaccines do not use the live virus and cannot give you the virus. It is possible a few of those vaccinated could still get COVID-19 because the vaccines are not 100% effective, but the vaccine will not give it to you.
What if You Think it is Unsafe to Return to Work, but Your Employer is Calling You In?
If you have a reason to be concerned about returning to work such as you or your family member have health issues that put you at higher risk to COVID-19, talk to your employer. You can review the Family First Coronavirus Response Act to see if its provisions will help you. You can also seek out the advice of an employment law attorney.
If you are on unemployment and you refuse to work, your employer is required to report your refusal (U.S. Department of Labor).
Will Employers be Able to Force Employees to Take Vaccines or Come to the Office to Work?
Employers may be able to insist you get the vaccine if it is available to you, with exceptions for health and other reasons (CDC). Visit the U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission for more specific information about what employers can require, but generally based on information from their website, employers may ask to take your temperature, insist on masks and other CDC or local health official direction or recommendation on the pandemic including taking a screening test under specific circumstances. The Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) continues to oversee workplace safety and provide worker rights in relation to reporting safety issues. Visit their site for more information: www.osha.gov/coronavirus. The U.S. Department of Labor oversees OSHA and may have more information for employers and employees. The National Governors Association (NGA) has a state-by-state breakdown of return-to-work plans.